Auto Repair Service

Free repair service information and advice.

ABS Brake System


How ABS – Anti-Lock Breaking Systems Work

ABS anti-lock braking system is one of the cornerstones of active vehicle safety. Its function is to prevent the wheels locking during braking, and thus the loss of adhesion between wheel and road. Vehicle’s ABS system is operable even under heavy braking.

   ABS Anti-lock Braking System is one of the basic elements of active vehicle safety. ABS prevents wheel lock during braking. The wheel ABS system is still rotates and thus prevents the loss of adhesion between wheel and road. Rolling with the wheel helps maintain the stability, manageability and controllability of the vehicle in extreme situations (such as hard braking or when braking on slippery roads). Locked wheel does not transfer the lateral force and does not allow spin.

The system prevents the wheels from locking during braking that automatically adjusts the braking force in the stirrups so as to prevent the wheels from locking. When blocking wheels losing grip and the vehicle would become unmanageable, it would not be allowed to drive change by turning the steering wheel.

Each round has its own speed sensor, control unit, which gives information about the speed of each wheel. If the control unit receives a signal that the wheel is blocked, briefly reduced pressure in the brake system, thereby indicating wheel moving again. ABS may be released round 12 – 16 x per second, and the system still provides relatively wheel rotation and vehicle steerability (check – car Kammova circle ). Under heavy braking system, ABS braking force to maintain the adhesion occur at it to block wheels and the subsequent release of wheels in rapid succession until the vehicle stops.

Each wheel is equipped with inductive speed sensor (ABS wheel speed sensor), the image of the text is yellow sensor in the brake disc. This gives the control unit about the wheel. The control unit and evaluate the situation through the control valve or reduces brake pressure to the wheel or moving again.

ABS system was developed by Bosch in 1978. But history goes back even farther. By the early 20th century, there were considerations about how to avoid locking the wheels under heavy braking. Bosch has already announced a 1936 patent for a “device to avoid strong braking wheels of a motor vehicle.” But only with the advent of the electronic engineers to develop anti-lock braking system, which was sufficiently fast and robust for use in motor vehicles. The first commercial application of the ABS system found Special equipment such as Mercedes-Benz S-Class and shortly afterward also in the BMW 7 Series.

Bosch ABS system, however, developed further. The result of further development of the systems created ASR (systems that prevents rotation of the wheels when starting off), electronic stability program ESP. In recent years appeared ABS with EBV (Electronic brake-force distribution).

How do you know the activity of the ABS system?

During heavy braking on the adhesion between the brake you hear intermittent on a wet road. Interruptions caused by its activities, ABS just, forgiving when the pressure in the brake system. This reduces the braking force and the wheel is unlocked. Pedal of this activity, like kicking and braking for longer drops to the floor. Few experienced driver could balk and allow the brake pedal, but it would be a mistake!

Stopping distance on wet roads.

On dry roads the vehicle without ABS shorter braking distances. The wet ground has already settled the differences and the icy surface of a vehicle with ABS braking distance is shorter. An important advantage, however, remains above the opportunity to steer the vehicle during braking.

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If you need to do your maintenance and repairs click here for schedule an appointment, for all your car parts visit one of the stores on the side. If you are interesting to buy your own trouble code machine and ABS sensor try here.

29/09/2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , | Comments Off on ABS Brake System

Four Wheel Drive Problem


Four Wheel Drives and All Wheel Drives

A lot of people get confused over the difference between a 4wd car and an all wheel drive car. When it comes to it, the differences may be subtle but they make a massive difference on what you can do with the vehicle. You will find vehicles that are AWD tend to be smaller in size, and they have less clearance.

Basically an AWD vehicle is able to go off road, but is not able to do anything too severe. They may be able to drive on the beach, but if it gets soft then they will struggle. A 4wd car distributes the power evenly across all four wheels, or more to the wheels that have less traction. AWD cars function differently, and they also lack low range. AWD vehicles are always in that mode, whereas most four wheel drive vehicles are used mainly in 2wd for when you are on the bitumen, and then four wheel drive is selected when you want it. What this means is that for any serious four wheel driving you are unable to drive slowly, which is a huge problem for descents down hills and crawling over rocks.

All Wheel Drive cars tend to be less strong as well, which means that if you give them a flogging off road then they are more likely to break. Basically it comes down to what you want to do with the vehicle. If you want it primarily for driving around town with a bit of light four wheel driving every now and again then an all wheel drive vehicle may suit you. If however you want to go touring or more serious four wheel driving then get something which has low range and is a true 4wd.

What Are Difference Between Two Wheel Drive And Four wheel Drive ?

The two wheel drive are cars in which only two wheels receive the power from the engine. On the other hand four wheel drive receive the power from the engine for all four wheels at same time. Hands the varied names cars .i.e. four wheel drive, all 4 wheel drive, or 4×4. The phrase 4×4 is self explaintory.

The four wheel drive has system to direct power to all four wheels. On four wheel drive is an add-on system that works in conjunction with two wheel drive components.

The Transfer Case 4×4

The latest vehicles are equipped with transfer case, is attached directly to the rear of the transmission. The transfer case function is to transmits the drive power to both, the front and rear differentials though two other drive shafts front and the rear.

The front differential is mounted below the engine and connected to the front wheels by two drive-axles which turn the wheels when your car is in the four wheel drive mode.

The Hubs 

There free running hubs are used when are unlocked allow the front wheels to spin while your vehicle is in the two wheel drive mode without rotating the drive-axles and the front differentials, thus reducing wear in these components.

When your car is switched to the four wheel mode, the hubs should then be locked to engage the wheels with the drive axles. The new models cars today comes with an automatic-locking front hubs, eliminating the need to jump out and manually lock the hubs when the transfer case is engaged in four wheel drive mode. Is no difference between the rear differential and the axle assembly you can find in the two wheel drive.

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29/09/2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , | Comments Off on Four Wheel Drive Problem

Parts Rear Axle


How Do Differentials Work?

A differential is the gadget that separates the torque of the engine in two ways so that each output can spin at a different speed. You can usually find this in a lot of all-wheel-drive & full four-wheel-drive cars today.

You’re probably thinking, “Well why do I need this on my car?” Technically speaking, all of the wheels on your car spin at different speeds. Let’s say you’re making a right turn at a light; the inside wheels (the ones closest to the curb) have a much less shorter distance to travel than the ones on the opposite side. See what I’m saying? The formula to calculate speed is the distance that is traveled divided by the time it takes to travel that distance. If you happen to have either Rear-Wheel-Drive or Front-Wheel-Drive, then you don’t have to worry about it. Since they spin independently, there is no connection between them.

The wheels that are driven are connected: the engine & the transmission can spin both wheels at the same time. If your car doesn’t have differentials, this would cause for the wheels that are driven to be locked together. This means the wheels would have to spin at the same time, causing you to have difficulties when you turn into driveways, corners, et cetera.

The most common differential is called the “open differential”. There’s a lot of terminology to learn, so I’m just going to try to explain it while I go on. Ready? Pretend you’re just driving straight with no where else to turn, both of your drive wheels are obviously rotating at the same speed, right? There’s something called the Input Pinion that is spinning the cage & the ring gear. This pinion is smaller than the ring gear & the cage, which means it’s the only gear reduction in your vehicle. When you’re wheel needs to make a turn, the pinion gears start moving in the cage whereas when you’re going straight, the pinions moves with the case.

Even though the wheels may be spinning at different speeds, the open differential never hesitates to apply the same amount of torque to each individual wheel. When you’re driving in dry conditions where the traction is abundant, the quantity of torque applied is restricted by the engine & gearing in the vehicle; but when you’re driving in the mountains, in the snow, or in climates like that, the torque will give just enough quantity so that your wheels won’t end up slipping. So say you’re driving on thin ice (hopefully you’re not), you’re going to want to start in either second or third gear so that the gearing in your transmission will limit the amount of torque available to your vehicles. Even when you’re going off-roading, you’re differentials may cause you some trouble. When you have a truck that’s four-wheel-drive with an open differential in the front and the back, you can get stuck. To me, it’s pretty funny; but it may not be so funny when I’m in that situation. See, when you’re going off of those cliffs & one of the back tires comes off the ground, they will keep on spinning in the air so you really won’t be able to stop…

There is something called LSD (Limited Slip Differential), or positraction, that works by giving more torque to the non-slipping wheel; that way, you’ll be perfectly fine when you go off-roading.

29/09/2011 Posted by | Uncategorized | , , , , , , | Comments Off on Parts Rear Axle


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